Description: (Same as History M147E.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Study of history and culture of deaf communities in America (circa 1800 to present) by exploring major events impacting deaf people, including development of sign language, deaf education, audism, politics of deafness, eugenics, deaf revolution movements, and role of hearing technology. Historical development of emergence, growth, and survival of America's deaf community and development of deaf identity over time. P/NP or letter grading.